Idžazetname u rukopisima Gazi Husrev - begove biblioteke

Prilog proučavanju historije obrazovanja u BiH



In the Islamic world there existed a tradition, whereby a teacher issued an idžazetnama (diploma) to his pupil who followed his lectures. Apart from the name of the student, the scientific field for which he receives his idžazetnama, the place and year of issuing, the teacher regularly cited not only his own name and the name of his teacher, but very often names of the teachers who dealt with that scientific field, further up to the founder of that discipline. That line of the teachers, very often went up to Prophet Muhammed (P.B.U.H.). With careful analysis of the line of teachers in the idžazetnama of ours alims we can establish the line of scholars who brought certain Islamic disciplines to this region. Because of that, apart from vakuf- namas, idžazetnamas present a primary document for teaching history of schooling, education, and in general, the cultural history of Bosniaks. Since then up to now, there is no published list /register of idžezatnamas from the manuscripts in the Gazi Husrev-bey Library in Sarajevo.

Because of the fact that such a record could be used as a basis for further research, we believe that such a record is needed indeed. As a sample for this work, register of vakufnamas prepared by late Zejnil ef. Fajić, some twenty years ago could be studied.

In the manuscripts of the Gazi Husrev-bey library, there are 63 idžazetnama from different fields. Even though most of them originated from the period of the Ottoman Empire, all of them are written in Arabic language. They originate from the wider region of Samarqand and Derbent, trough Mecca, Medina, Cairo, Halep, Istanbul, Skopje, Prizren, Sarajevo and Mostar, and up to Oglavak and Fojnica, in a period which spans more than half a millennium. Among them, the oldest one which aš-šayê Aõmad

  1. b. ‘Umar b. Muõammad al-Êiwaqग़, Naûmuddग़n al-Kubrå, founder of the kurbavij’s or golden sufi order, in the year 616/1220 issued to his student aš-šayê Sa’duddग़n Muõammad b. al-Mu’ayyad al-Ûuwaynग़, from an autograph in the year 850/1448 in Derbent, copied by Muõamed b. Maõm॥d


al-Õusaynग़ aš-Šafi‘ग़ ad-Darbandग़. For better view of the idžazetnama in this record they are arranged chronically, by date of issue or copy, and not by scientific field.

In this record, 16 idžazetnamas from the Archive collection of the Gazi Husrev-bey’s Library not included even though they existed and they are elaborated.




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