Prilog proučavanju saobraćaja u dolini rijeke Bosne skele u blizini sela Bičer i desetnik u XVIII st.


Ključne riječi:

dolina Bosne, Bičer i Desetnik, rječni saobraćaj, skele,, prijelazi, vakufljenje čamaca i lađa, spahije, ubiranje pristojbi, uzurpacija vakufske imovine, Salih Obralić, sudski sporovi


To establish a fact of, until now unknown ferry near Bičer and Desetnik, and their historiographical elaboration, we tried to supplement the knowledge about traffic activities in the Bosna valley and draw attention to the possibility and importance of studying river ferries, as a predominant form of river traffic in Bosnia during Ottoman reign. River crossing was an important issue for populations which lived in the micro region of Bičer and Desetnik. Establishing connection was dictated to carrying out everyday private and official visit, transporting food and other life important groceries. Ferry boats in the Bičer and Desetnik passed through quite a tumultuous period in the XVIII century.

For some time they were not in function because of unknown reasons, and in the year 1724-1725 they were renovated thanks to the Abdi-spahi who allowed the construction of boat for crossing the river. Boats were his own property. The river crossing was with the agreement of sahibi erza. After him the river crossing was used by his son Omer-spahi, based on the principle of inheritance. Then he sold his boats to his son Mehmed, who came to the possession of a place crossing the river by paying money which was equivalent to sahibi erzu. Particularly interesting period of the history of ferry boat happened when boats and income which came from renting boats were given as endowment (waqf ) with an agreement of sahibi erza.

Because of that ferry boat in Bičer and Desetnik are important to the history of waqf in this region, as in regards of specific objects of endowment and also as an example of spahi interference with waqf business. After that generated income from renting boats were used for financing mosque in the village of Bičer. It was a rare case of this kind in the Bosnian elayet. Right of the use of ferry cased dispute in year 1778 between Mehmed efendi’s waqf and spahi Salih Obralić, about which news reached even the headquarter in Istanbul. Government took active part to solve this dispute, but their order was put into effect very slowly on the terrain. The dispute ended in year 1781 on the benefit of the waqf, after court hearings in front of a Bosnian mula.




Broj časopisa